psych 10-16 - October 16, 2007 Intro. to Psych. Learning...

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October 16, 2007 Intro. to Psych. Learning -learning is a relatively permanent change in an organism’s behavior due to experience -how people learn: -classical conditioning-through associations -operant conditioning-through reinforcement -observational learning-through models -Ivan Pavlov -a physiologist and cat lover, used dogs as research subjects in his studies of digestion -unconditioned response (CR) -drooling -unconditioned stimulus (US) -food -conditioned response (CR) -drooling -conditioned stimulus (CS) -bell -Classical Conditioning process (*-ON THE TEST) -acquisition – initial learning of stimulus-response relationship -timing: conditioning occurs most readily when CS is presented .5s before US, preparing the organism for the upcoming event -extinction – diminished responding that occurs when CS occurs repeatedly without US -CS no longer signals impending US -spontaneous recovery – reappearance of a weakened CR after a pause, suggesting that extinction was suppressing the CR rather than eliminating it
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course PY 101 taught by Professor Schmautz during the Spring '08 term at Whitworth University.

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psych 10-16 - October 16, 2007 Intro. to Psych. Learning...

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