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Unformatted text preview: -AB/EB/AF causing precipitation-Anions:-makes solids readily D-makes soluble solutions B, F-Cations:-always soluble C-other E, A-Empirical Rules:-Cations:-always soluble: alkali metals, ammonium ion-other: follows rules of anion theyre with-Anions:-generally soluble:-nitrate (NO3-)-chlorate (ClO3-)-chloride (Cl-)-bromide (Br-)-iodide (I-)-sulfate (SO4-2)-generally insoluble:-hydroxide (OH-)-carbonate (CO3-2)-phosphate (PO4-3)-sulfide (S-2)-Examples:-NaOH(s) H2O Na+(aq) + OH- (aq)-Fe(OH)3(s) H2O Fe(OH)3(s)-Mixing Salt Solutions:-Na2CO3(aq) + MgCL2(aq) 2NaCl(aq) + MgCO3(s)-all (aq) are separated to show ions-2Na+ + CO3-2 + Mg+2 + 2Cl- 2Na+ + 2Cl- + MgCO3(s)-remove spectator ions those not involved in creating ppt-CO3-2 + Mg+2 MgCO3(s)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course CH 151 taught by Professor Stevens during the Fall '08 term at Whitworth University.
- Fall '08