psych 10-23 - Intro to Psych Memory-organization of...

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October 23, 2007 Intro. to Psych. Memory -organization of memory: -sound -letter -meaning -stages of memory -encoding (keyboard) -were you exposed enough to the info to place it in long-term memory -storage (disk) -retrieval (monitor) -Information processing -sensory register -quick scan for importance -precoding -working/short-term memory (15s) -coding -rehearsal -recoding -long-term memory -process -store -recall -Encoding -some information is automatically processed -new/novel information requires attention and effort -Rehearsal -Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850-1909) -effortful learning usu requires rehearsal or conscious repetition. -Ebbinghaus studied rehearsal by using nonsense syllables -the more times the syllables were practiced on Day 1, the fewer repetitions were required to relearn hem on Day 2 -Memory Effects -next-in-line-effect: When your recall is better for what other people say but poor for a person just before you in line -spacing effect: we retain information better when our rehearsal is distributed over
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psych 10-23 - Intro to Psych Memory-organization of...

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