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psych 10-25 - Intro to Psych Retrieval-explicit memories...

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October 25, 2007 Intro. to Psych. Retrieval -explicit memories – facts/experiences that one can consciously know and declare -implicit memories – learning an action while the individual doesn’t know/declare what he/she knows -priming – to retrieve a specific memory from the web of associations, you must first activate one of the strands that leads to it. -hearing about rabbits makes you more likely to take “hair” as “hare” -recognition – multiple choice questions on a test -form of retrieval, but less effort -recall – fill in the blank questions on a test -relearning – how much time/effort is saved when learning material 2 nd time -retrieval cues – memories are held in storage by a web of associations. These associations are like anchors that help retrieve memory -context effects – after learning to move a mobile by kicking, infants most strongly respond when retested in the same context rather than in a different context -we usually recall experiences that are consistent with our current mood/emotions
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psych 10-25 - Intro to Psych Retrieval-explicit memories...

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