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Unformatted text preview: BMP/CMP - GLU 60-99 ↑ stress, Cushing’s, DM, hyperthyroidism, pancreatic insufficiency ↓ Addison’s , hepatic disease, hypothyroidism, insulin over dosage, pancreatic tumor, pituitary hypofunction, dumping syndrome BUN 8-23 ↑ prot catabolism (fever, stress) renal, UTI ↓ malnut, liver damage Cr 0.6-1.2 ↑Severe renal disease, Na 135-145 ↑Corticosteroid therapy, dehydration, impaired renal function, primary aldosteronism ↓Addison’s, diabetic ketoacidosis, diuretic therapy, vomiting, excessive perspiration, water intoxication, K 3.5-5 ↑Addison’s disease, diabetic ketosis, renal failure ↓Cushing, diarrhea (severe), diuretic, starvation, vomiting, CL 102-108 ↑steroids, meta acid, resp alka, uremia ↓Addison’s, diarrhea, meta alka, resp acid, vomiting, CO2 23-31 ↑Same as bicarbonate, Ca 8.8-10 ↑ hyperparathyroidism, multiple myeloma, osteoporosis, vitamin D intoxication ↓ pancreatitis, hypoparathyroidism, liver disease, malabsorption , renal failure, vitamin D deficit, Albumin 3.5-5 ↑ Dehydration ↓Chronic liver disease, malabsorption, malnutrition, nephrotic syndrome, pregnancy, Bilirubin 0.3-1 ↑ Biliary obstruction, hemolytic anemia, impaired liver function, pernicious anemia, prolonged fasting, Alkaline Phos 30-120 ↑ Bone diseases, marked hyperparathyroidism, biliary obstruction, rickets ↓Excessive vitamin D, hypothyroidism Tot Protein 6.4-8.3 ↑Burns, cirrhosis, dehydration ↑liver disease, malabsorption, AST 0-35 ↑MI, liver disease, drug related liver probs, ↓renal disease, diabetic ketoacidosis, pregnancy, dialysis, ARTHRITIS - ANA (None Nml) ↑chronic hepatitis, RA, lupus, sclerodemas, ESR 0-20 ↑rheumatoid arthritis, MI, cancer, PID, ↓severe liver disease, sickle cell, Uric acid(male 4-8.5, female 2.7-7.3) ↑ gout, high- protein,,leukemia, renal failure ↓drug therapy CARDIAC INJURY - CK 30-170 ↑Brain damage,,musculoskeletal injury or disease, MI, myocarditis, CK-MB 0% ↑ MI, BNP <100 ↑ CHF(marker for, in left ventricle), MI, HTN, Troponin <0.03 ↑MI, myocardial injury, Myoglobin ↑MI, muscle trauma, muscle ischemia, muscle inflammation, COAG SCREENING - PT/INR 1.5-2.0 x ↑control liver disease; vitamin K deficiency; warfarin, PTT 1.5-2.5 x control, hemophilia, heparin, liver disease, Platelets 150-400,000 ↑infections, chronic leukemia, pancreatitis, cirrhosis, collagen disorders, polycythemia, postsplenectomy ↓ Acute leukemia, thrombocytopenic, DM - A1C (2.5-5.9%= good; fair 6.8%; poor >8%, 7 diabetic target) ↑Poor DM control, stress, Cushing’s, steroids, ↓Anemia, chronic blood loss, renal failure, GLU 60-99, DIC (INTRAVAS COAG) – CBC, HgB (f) 12-16 (m) 14-18 ↑ COPD, high altitudes, ↓ anemia, hemorrhage HCT (f) 35-47% (m) 42-52% ↑ Dehydration, high altitudes, polycythemia, ↓ Anemia, hemorrhage, overhydration, Fibrinogen 200-400 ↑ acute inflammation, (RA, glomerulonephritis,), trauma, CAD, MI, stroke, PAD, ↓ liver disease, malnutrition, blood transfusion,...
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course NURSING Nursing taught by Professor Nursing during the Spring '08 term at Kentucky.
- Spring '08