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Chapter 14 CPA.docx - Question One. Until the 3rd United...

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Question One.Until the 3rd United States Congress, the Pro-Administration Party was known as theFederalist Party was the first political party in the United States. These dates refer to the periodbetween 1789 and 1820. Conservatives and businessmen who supported national governmentover state government and manufacturing, as well as those who favored the United Kingdom andopposed the French Revolution, were drawn to the movement. The Federalist Party advocated fora strong national government to encourage economic progress and good relations with the UnitedKingdom, as well as to oppose revolutionary France. The Democratic-Republican opposition, ledby Thomas Jefferson, overtook the party in the federal government in 1801.When Thomas Jefferson and James Madison formed the Democratic-Republican Party in1792, they were attempting to counteract the centralizing policies of the new Federalist Party ledby Alexander Hamilton, who served as secretary of the treasury and was the primary architect ofGeorge Washington's presidency. When the First Party System was in place, the new party tookcontrol of both houses of Congress and most states from 1801 until 1825. When Congressconvened in 1791, there was just one faction that rejected the new constitution. Republicanismwas the ideology that inspired the name "Republicans." They were suspicious of the Federalists'adherence to republicanism as a political philosophy.As one of the two major current political parties in the United States, the DemocraticParty is a close ally of the Republican Party. The modern-day Democratic Party was createdabout 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, tracing its roots back to Thomas Jefferson andJames Madison's Democratic-Republican Party. Social conservatism and economic liberalismwere previously the Democrats' primary worldviews, with populism taking precedence in the
rural South. A third-party run by Theodore Roosevelt in the Progressive "Bull Moose" Party in1912 led to a shift in political agendas between the Democratic and Republican parties and theelection of Woodrow Wilson as the first Democratic president to advocate for more governmentspending. From Roosevelt's New Deal era on, the Democratic Party has also advocated for socialliberalism and fairness as part of its program.Midway through the nineteenth century, the Whigs in the United States were a prominentpolitical force. While in office, four U.S. presidents were members of the party. In the 1830s, itrose to prominence as a major opponent of the Jacksonians. This party has ties to the FederalistParty's more affluent traditions. Between the early 1840s to the mid-1860s, it coexisted alongsidethe Democratic Party, a rival political force. It was formed in opposition to President AndrewJackson's policies, the Whigs advocated for a program of modernization and banking to boostmanufacturing, as well as economic protectionism.

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Term
Summer
Professor
tom mboya
Tags
Test, President of the United States, Socialist Party of America

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