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Community Health and Population-Focused Nursing- Task Two.docx

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1C228: Task TwoCommunity OutbreakCommunity Health and Population-Focused Nursing: Task TwoWestern Governor’s UniversityApril 24th, 2022Ashley Olszewski
2C228: Task TwoA.Outbreak SelectionMeasles, also known as Rubeola, is an acute viral respiratory illness. Measles is one of themost contagious infectious diseases.Children under 5 years of age, adults over the age of 20,pregnant woman, and persons who have a compromised immune system are at high risk forsevere illness complications (CDC, 2020). Signs and symptoms typically appear 10-14 days afterinitial exposure to the virus. Signs and symptoms include fever, dry cough, sore throat, runnynose, conjunctivitis, Koplik’s spots (white spots with bluish-white centers found on the inside ofthe mouth and inner lining of the cheeks), and a skin rash typically red flat blotches that flow intoone another. (Mayo Clinic, 2020).B.Description of OutbreakThe first written account of measles was written by a Persian doctor in the 9thcentury. In1912, measles became a nationally notifiable disease. In the first decade of reporting an averageof 6,000 deaths were reported each year. In 1962, the year before the vaccine, it is estimated 3-4million people within the United States were infected with the measles each year. It is estimatedthat all children got measles before the age of 15. In 2000 measles was declared eliminated fromthe United States due to vaccination. Meaning for 12 months or longer there has been an absenceof endemic measles virus transmission (CDC, 2020).

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