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Term Paper - Term Paper 28/11/2007 13:23:00 Drawing on a...

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Unformatted text preview: Term Paper 28/11/2007 13:23:00 Drawing on a Hobbesian perspective, critique one aspect of the Chinese communist revolution. Discuss the ways philosophy informs a specific point of Maoist Ideology or a discrete event in Chinese communist history. Your essay should be an incisive political/philosophical critique, must be analytical. It should outline a coherent historical context for sufficient discussion. You must demonstrate an informed appreciation of the philosophic underpinning of a political act in the Chinese revolution. strong thesis- has to introduce philosopher and relate them somehow to Chinese communist revolution using philosophy as a lens for which to look at or examine the Chinese revolution- help explain why things happened the way they did support thesis with specific examples from each text relevant quotations always need to cite a source Zedong 28/11/2007 13:23:00 Zedong- violent revolution Influenced by his father- key During this period, Mao was called Chairman Mao ( ) or the Great Leader Chairman Mao ( ). The Communist Party assumed control of all media in the country and used it to promote the image of Mao and the Party Maos first political campaigns after founding the Peoples Republic were land reform and the suppression of counter-revolutionaries, which centered on mass executions , often before organized crowds. These campaigns of mass repression targeted former KMT officials, businessmen, former employees of Western companies, intellectuals whose loyalty was suspect, and significant numbers of rural gentry. [19] The U.S. State department in 1976 estimated that there may have been a million killed in the land reform, 800,000 killed in the counterrevolutionary campaign. [20] Mao himself claimed a total of 700,000 killed during these early years (194953). [21] However, because there was a policy to select "at least one landlord, and usually several, in virtually every village for public execution", [22] 1 million deaths seems to be an absolute minimum, and many authors agree on a figure of between 2 million and 5 million dead. [23] [24] In addition, at least 1.5 million people were sent to "reform through labour" camps ( laogai ). [25] Maos personal role in ordering mass executions is undeniable. [26] [27] He defended these killings as necessary for the securing of power. [28] Programs pursued during this time include the Hundred Flowers Campaign , in which Mao indicated his supposed willingness to consider different opinions about how China should be governed. Given the freedom to express themselves, liberal and intellectual Chinese began opposing the Communist Party and questioning its leadership. This was initially tolerated and encouraged. After a few months, Mao's government reversed its policy and persecuted those, totalling perhaps 500,000,...
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Term Paper - Term Paper 28/11/2007 13:23:00 Drawing on a...

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