Exam One Study Guide

Exam One Study Guide - Exam 1 Study Guide Approaches to...

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Exam 1 Study Guide Approaches to social welfare o Residual approach : conceives of social welfare as focusing on problems and gaps; provided only when people fail to provide adequately for themselves (like during the Great Depression); conservative view; examples-food stamps, drug rehab, TANF ( T emporary A ssistance to N eedy F amilies) TANF : 5 years of lifetime, 2 years back-to-back, certain provisions (education, job searching), more restrictive o Institutional approach : people’s needs as a normal part of life; it’s not people’s fault that they require such services, but rather an expected part of the human condition; examples-public education, fire and police protection o Developmental approach : identify social interventions that have a positive impact on economic development; originated after WWII in Third World countries; justifies social programs in terms of economic efficiency criteria; example-social welfare programs (Peace Corps, HEFA project, International Health Organization) Justified way to boost economy Invest in services (education, healthcare) Invest in physical facilities (roads, drinking water) Provide programs to help people with employment (training programs for unemployed) Social work o Professional activity of helping individuals, groups, or communities enhance or restore their capacity for social functioning and creating societal conditions favorable to this goal; helping people who are in pain o 5 themes concerns helping individuals, groups, or communities entails a solid foundation of values and principles that guide what practitioners should and should not do firm basis of techniques and skills provides directions for how social workers should provide treatment and accomplish goals help people get the services they need by linking them to available resources participate in legislative processes to promote positive social change; aim to change policy Social welfare o Nation’s system of programs, benefits, and services that help people meet those social, economic, educational, and health needs that are fundamental to the maintenance of society o Broad concept related to the general well-being of all people in a society o 2 basic dimensions what people get from society (in terms of programs, benefits, and services) how well their needs (social, economic, educational, health) are being met Social justice (equal rights for all) vs. Economic justice (equal distribution of resources)
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Exam 1 Study Guide o Discrimination : treating people differently based on the fact they belong to a certain group o Prejudice : opinion/judgment about individual/group not based on fact o Oppression : limiting and constraining a group (long-term) or person o Stereotypes : fixed mental picture of certain things, assumptions made on people o Populations at risk : groups at social/economic inequality NASW ( N ational A ssociation of S ocial W orkers) o Core values of Code of Ethics:
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Exam One Study Guide - Exam 1 Study Guide Approaches to...

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