Exam Three Study Guide

Exam Three Study Guide - Exam III Study Guide Acquired...

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Exam III Study Guide Acquired mobility disabilities People who have mobility disabilities are those whose physical differences compel them to achieve physical activities in a variety of alternate ways o Congenital - acquired before, during, or immediately after birth; developmental disabilities Ex: cerebral palsy, orthopedic problems o Acquired - some time later in life Examples of acquired mobility disabilities (not born with) o Stroke - a blockage/hemorrhage of a blood vessel leading to the brain, causing an inadequate oxygen supply and long-term impairment of sensation, movement, or functioning; can result in partial/total paralysis, memory loss, speech or language, deficits, and inability to think clearly o Muscular Dystrophy - any of a group of hereditary diseases characterized by a progressive wasting of the muscles; symptoms include increasingly weakened muscles, an awkward gait, and increasing lack of coordination o Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) - chronic condition in which a person’s immune system attacks the joints, causing pain, inflammation, stiffness, swelling, and deterioration; often results in need for increased support through devices like canes, crutches, or wheelchairs; about 1% population has RA, 75% of 1% women o Multiple Sclerosis (MS) - disease of the brain tissue in which the myelin sheath deteriorates, thereby causing varying degrees of muscular dysfunction, paralysis, and muscle tremors o Myasthenia Gravis (MG) - disease affecting voluntary muscles in which nerve impulses are impaired, resulting in fatigue, weakness, and difficulties controlling muscles; symptoms range from weakness in the arms and legs to difficulties in swallowing, controlling eye movements, or breathing o Spinal Cord Injury - damage to the spinal cord, often due to accidents or incidents of violence, resulting in the loss of muscular control and inability to experience sensation; paraplegia is paralysis of the lower part of the body; quadriplegia is paralysis from the neck down; severity of effects depends on location and extent of damage to the spinal cord Characteristics/criteria of developmental disabilities Severe and chronic, resulting from some mental or physical impairment Occurs before age 22 Conditions are likely to be permanent Results in substantial functional limitations in three or more of the following areas of major life activity o Self-care ○Self-direction o Receptive and expressive language ○Capacity for independent living o Learning ○Economic self-sufficiency o Mobility Demonstrates the need for lifelong supplementary help and services
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Exam III Study Guide Cognitive disabilities Also referred to as mental retardation Involve a condition manifested before age 18 such that an individual scores significantly below average on standard intelligence tests and has deficits in adaptive functioning People with cognitive disabilities make up the largest group of people with developmental disabilities o Cerebral Palsy-
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Exam Three Study Guide - Exam III Study Guide Acquired...

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