LESSON 9 - LESSON 9 REPUBLICAN COLONIES MAIN QUESTIONsw...

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LESSON 9 REPUBLICAN COLONIES MAIN QUESTIONsw What can we say about the development of Roman colonies over time? What can we say about how colonies functioned as a city? What can we say about the relationship between the colonies and Rome? What can we say about Rome from her colonies? THINGS TO PAY ATTENTION TO When was the coloniy founded and what type of colony is it? What kind of civic equipment (buildings) did the colonies get? IMPORTANT DATES 88-30 BCE – effects to 14 BCE. Civil Wars! Phenomenon where warlords are conquering territories and are giving them to their veterans. From 14 BCE on procedure continues except one warlord (Augustus) runs entire empire. They do this is because 1. Veterans are happy, and 2. The area they settle the other people of the colony usually behaves. Other dates, same as Lesson 8. STAGES OF COLONIES Stage 1- (5 th -3 rd C BCE) colonies intended to secure a territory, usually located on either a coast or on a fortified place. <- easily defended spots, for any people Step 2 (3 rd -133 BCE)- colonies intended to secure conquered territory, located on plain with rectangular grid plan. Move down from mountains, can be designed better. Step 3 (133 BCE on)- colonies intended to secure conquered territory and to reward veterans, and located on a plain TYPES OF COLONIES- “Roman colonies” “Latin colonies” SEE CHART ON BLACKBOARD Size= smallish/ful size city Autonomous City Gov= no/yes Autonomus Foreign Policy= no/no (can determine domestic policy_ Alba Fucens- Latin colony- 303 BCE- 6,000 men. On a mountain! Built city walls, and there was a main street that ran through the city. Also had a forum, need a forum to govern and sell things. Had a grid plan of streets, other than main street no streets cross the forum. Had a commitium, it was circular and had square buildings around it to serve the commitium. Smaller than the one of Rome, also not an exact copy of the one at Rome. Had a marketplace area. Had a voting area! It had a series of posts that would divide people into voting groups, had pits to hold tokens. Basilica- had a rectangular plan (1 st C BECE). Macellum (meat and fish market 1 st C BCE) it was circular, had lots of bins for water, covered in fish bits.
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