CLCV 120 Test 1 Study guide - Mythological characters and...

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Mythological characters and stories to know: Orpheus - A son of one of the Muses, Orpheus is the greatest mortal musician who has ever lived. His most famous exploit is his journey to Hades to retrieve his dead wife, Eurydice. He loses her forever by ignoring Hades’ orders and turning to make sure she is behind him. Orpheus also travels on the Argo and protects Jason and the others from the Sirens. He is killed by a pack of roving Maenads, and his head floats to Lesbos, where it becomes a magical icon. Geryon- The massive serpentine monster that transports Dante and Virgil from the Seventh to the Eighth Circle of Hell Cerberus - A three-headed dog, Cerberus, tries to stop Virgil and Dante’s progress, but Virgil satisfies the beast by throwing it a chunk of earth Charon - A figure that Dante appropriates from Greek mythology, Charon is an old man who ferries souls across the river Acheron to Hell Procne & Philomela - Tereus, the tyrant from Thrace, enters the narrative. He liberates Athens from barbarians and marries Procne , the daughter of the king of Athens, Pandion. The marriage is ill-fated. Juno , Hymenaeus, and the Graces do not attend the wedding. After five years of marriage, Procne asks Tereus for permission to see her sister, Philomela. Tereus sets sail for Athens to fetch Philomela. As soon as he sees Philomela, lust grips him. Back in Thrace, he repeatedly rapes her and hacks off her tongue to prohibit her from speaking. Philomela weaves a portrait of Tereus’s crime onto cloth and sends it to Procne. To get revenge, Procne slays Itys, her only child with Tereus, and serves him to Tereus as a meal. Procne and Philomela tell Tereus that he has eaten his son, and Tereus goes mad. He wants to kill the sisters, but they escape by turning into birds. Tereus, too, becomes a bird Pyramus & Thisbe- Pyramus and Thisbe fall in love. Their fathers oppose the match, so they decide to run away together. Thisbe arrives first at their meeting place, but she flees when she sees a lioness approaching. Pyramus finds the tracks of a lioness and Thisbe’s shawl. Believing that Thisbe is dead, Pyramus thrusts his sword into his belly, killing himself. Thisbe returns, sees what has happened, and kills herself. Judgment of Paris- had to pick between the three goddesses Venus, Minerva, and Juno which was the most beautiful . Venus promised him Helen’s hand if he chose her. He chose her and because of that Juno was wrathful toward the Trojans Troilus & Cressida- In the seventh year of the Trojan War, a Trojan prince named Troilus falls in love with Cressida , the daughter of a Trojan priest who has defected to the Greek side. Troilus is assisted in his pursuit of her by Pandarus , Cressida's uncle.
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That night, Pandarus brings Troilus and Cressida together, and after they pledge to be forever true to one another, he leads them to a bedchamber to consummate their love. Meanwhile, Cressida's father, the treacherous Trojan priest Calchas, asks the Greek
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CLCV 120 Test 1 Study guide - Mythological characters and...

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