Phil 101 essay #2

Phil 101 essay #2 - Logan Chastain Philosophy 101 Take Home...

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Logan Chastain Philosophy 101 Take Home Essay #2
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1. Locke states that knowledge is built up by ideas. He also says that there are two different types of ideas, simple ideas and complex ideas. Complex ideas are formed from two or more simple ideas coming together. Because of this, all knowledge comes about from simple ideas, and simple ideas come only through experience. There are two ways that simple ideas enter the mind. Ideas enter the mind through sensation and reflection. Both of these pathways that ideas enter the mind through are passive. Sensation is when the mind is turned outwards and receives ideas through the senses. Reflection is when the mind is turned inward and ideas are brought about through introspection. Simple ideas are then broken down into four different categories. The first category is ideas received from a single sense (i.e. you can feel a rock is hard from your sense of touch). The second category is of solidity. The third category is ideas that come from more than one sense. The fourth category is ideas come about by reflection (this also includes ideas that come from sense and reflection together). Locke states that simple ideas are ideas that can’t be “broken down” any further. An example of this is you can see a trumpet and have the complex idea that it is a trumpet and can make music, but this can be broken down into the trumpet is shiny, smooth, and metallic to touch. These ideas are simple ideas because you can’t break down shiny or smooth into any other ideas. Locke also gives two criteria for simplicity. He says that a simple idea is one that cannot be defined (i.e. the idea of something being blue). He also states that simple ideas cannot get into the mind any other way than from experience. This means that if a man wants to know what an apple tastes like he can have people explain it to him or he could read about it, but he will never have the idea of what an apple tastes like until he experiences it for himself. Primary
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qualities are traits that when thought of in the mind resembles their causes in the outside world. Some examples of primary qualities are texture, number, size, shape, and motion. This states that you have the idea of a square book,
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Phil 101 essay #2 - Logan Chastain Philosophy 101 Take Home...

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