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Chapter 9 Outline.pdf - Chapter 9: Racial and Ethnic...

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Chapter 9: Racial and Ethnic DifferentiationYouTube VideosRace & Ethnicity: Crash Course Sociology #34Racial/Ethnic Prejudice & Discrimination: Crash Course Sociology #35Learning Objectives1.Describe and contrast the concepts of race, ethnicity, and minority groups.2.Discuss how attitudes, behaviors, and their influence manifest in stereotypes, prejudice,discrimination, and racism.3.Compare the various patterns of racial and ethnic relations.4.Summarize global racial relations.5.Outline the composition of the main racial and ethnic groups in the United States.6.Predict the future of racial and ethnic differentiation in the United States.Key Terms and DefinitionsRacial groupA socially constructed category that distinguishes people by selected inherited physicalcharacteristicsEthnic groupA group of people characterized by cultural traits that reflect national origin, religion, and languageMinority groupA group that is (1) subordinate to the dominant group in terms of the distribution of social power,(2) defined by some physical or cultural characteristics, and (3) is usually—but not always—smallerin number than the dominant groupStereotypesWidely held and oversimplified beliefs about the character and behavior of all members of a groupthat seldom correspond to the factsPrejudiceAn attitude of prejudgment of people or situations, usually negative and based on stereotypesScapegoatingA psychological explanation of prejudice that involves blaming another person or group for one’sown problemsProjectionA psychological explanation of prejudice that suggests that people transfer their own unacceptabletraits or behaviors to a vulnerable group, usually a racial or ethnic groupFrustration-aggression theoryThe theory that prejudice and aggression result when personal frustrations are displaced to asocially approved racial or ethnic targetAuthoritarian personality theoryThe view that people with an authoritarian type of personality are more likely to be prejudicedthan those who have other personality types
Chapter 9: Racial and Ethnic DifferentiationDiscriminationUnequal and unfair treatment of people on the basis of their membership to a particular groupInstitutional discriminationThe continuing exclusion or oppression of a group as a result of criteria established by an institutionRacismThe belief that one racial group is superior to others, typically manifested through prejudice anddiscriminationInstitutional racismRacism that is embodied in the folkways, mores, or legal structures of a social institutionIntegrationWhen ethnicity becomes insignificant and everyone can freely and fully participate in the social,economic, and political mainstreamAssimilationThe process through which individuals and groups forsake their own cultural tradition to becomepart of a different group and traditionSocial distanceThe degree of intimacy and equality between groups of peopleMelting potA form of assimilation in which each group contributes aspects of its own culture and absorbsaspects of other cultures, such that the whole is a combination of all the groupsAnglo-conformityA form of assimilation in which the minority loses its identity completely and adopts the norms andpractices of the dominant WASP cultureStructural assimilationOne aspect of assimilation in which patterns of intimate contact between the guest and host

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Term
Fall
Professor
IDK
Tags
Sociology, Minority group

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