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Chapter 12 Outline.pdf - Chapter 12: Family Groups and...

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Chapter 12: Family Groups and SystemsYouTube VideoStages of Family Life: Crash Course Sociology #38Learning Objectives1.Explain how sociology defines family.2.Describe the variation in kinship and family organization.3.Summarize a functionalist perspective on the family.4.Summarize a conflict perspective on the family.5.Discuss other perspectives on the family.6.Describe the US family system.7.Describe nontraditional marital and family lifestyles.Key Terms and DefinitionsFamilyA group of kin united by blood, marriage, or adoption who share a common residence for some part oftheir lives and assume reciprocal rights and obligations with regard to one anotherConjugal familiesFamilies consisting of two partners, with or without childrenNuclear familiesFamilies in which two or more persons are related by blood, marriage, or adoption and share a commonresidenceFamily of orientationThe nuclear family into which one was born and/or in which one was rearedFamily of procreationThe nuclear family formed by marriageExtended familyA family that goes beyond the nuclear family to include other nuclear families and relatives, such asgrandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousinsModified-extended family structureThe family structure in which individual nuclear families retain considerable autonomy yet maintainconnections with other nuclear families in the extended family structureKinshipThe web of relationships among people linked by common ancestry, adoption, or marriageMonogamyThe marriage of two partners to each other onlySerial or sequential monogamyMarriage to a number of different spouses in succession, but only one at any given timePolygamyMarriage to more than one spouse at the same timePolygyny
Chapter 12: Family Groups and SystemsThe marriage of one man to more than one wife at the same timePolyandryThe marriage of one woman to more than one husband at the same timeGroup marriageA form of marriage in which several or many men are married to several or many womenFraternal polyandryA form of polyandry where brothers are co-husbandsNeolocalA family norm that a newly married couple should establish a residence separate from both of theirfamiliesPatrilocalA family norm that a newly married couple should live with the husband’s familyMatrilocalA family norm that a newly married couple should live with the wife’s familyPatrilinealA family system in which descent and inheritance are traced through the father’s lineMatrilinealA family system in which descent and inheritance are traced through the mother’s lineBilateral lineageA descent system in which influence, wealth, and power are assigned to both sides of the familyPatriarchalA society in which men have power and authority and are dominantMatriarchalA society in which women have power and authority and are dominantEgalitarianA norm of authority in which decisions are equally divided between spousesExogamyA marriage norm requiring a person to marry someone from outside his or her own groupEndogamyA marriage norm requiring a person to marry someone from his or her own groupIncestSocially forbidden sexual relationships or marriages with certain close relativesPrinciple of legitimacyMalinowski’s idea that every society has a rule that every child should have a legitimate father to act as

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family groups, Family Groups and Systems

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