chapter13 - of the past to them Spatial organization-...

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Jase Zappel Comm103 Notes Chapter 13 When a speech describes, explains, or instructs the audience about something, its considered informative Types of informative speeches: Speaking to describe o Descriptions- used when the listeners are unamiliar with the tipic of the speech and need new information to understand it Speaking to explain o Explanations- necessary to explain how something works or to claridy something that is already known but not well understood Speaking to instruct o Instructions- useful when the objective is to teach the audience something or tell them how to use something Topical organization- divides information about a subject and topic into subtopics or subcategories that will constitute the main points of the body of the speech Disadvantages to this include boring the audience, and making points sound unrelated as a result of bad transitions Chronological organization- used to describe changes or developments in any situation or circumstance This speech could also bore, and some audience members may not see the relevance
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Unformatted text preview: of the past to them Spatial organization- presents information on the basis of the positioning f objects in physical space or the relationships between locations Organization by comparison and contrast- describes or explains how a subhect is similar to, or different from, something else Organization by cause and effect- examines why somehting happens, the causes, and wha happens as a result, the effects Using support materials: o Definitions and descriptions o Examples- specific item that helps illustrate an idea, clarify a concept, or make anything you say interesting o Hypothetical example- something that hasnt happened, but could, and can be just as effective as a real example o Story- a long example o Testimony- opinion of an expert or the account of an event by a witness o Quotation o Facts and statistics When considering ethics, remember not to fabricate statistics or lead audience to faulty conclusions...
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