phil.paper1

phil.paper1 - Rauch 1 Kimberly Rauch Philosophy 20A Dr....

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Rauch 1 Kimberly Rauch Philosophy 20A Dr. Mike Hannen 26 October 2007 Arche Many ancient philosophers had the theory that only one part of matter existed and that everything else is spawned from that one part of matter. The first of these philosophers to bring about the theory of only one overall component of matter was the Milesians. The Milesians were the first western philosophers and had many prominent intellectuals that other philosophers could build ideas from. Academicians like Plato and Aristotle used the Milesians concepts to create their own thoughts and ideas. The Milesians truly started the thought processes of western philosophy. Their theory of the first principle, or arche, is the idea that all things come from one substance-stuff. This started many controversies and brought about many philosophers that constructed newer and better hypotheses from the idea of the arche. Thales was the first of these western philosophers. Thales was a philosopher, a scientist, a political advisor and an astronomer, these aspects of his intelligence left him well versed for a future in philosophy. He was the first to coin the term arche, or the first principle. He believed that the substance-stuff of which everything in the universe is made is water and that everything thereafter made also generated from this arche of water. His belief that everything came from water is part of the argument that the “nature of the substance-stuff of which everything is made and the idea of the fundamental composition of the world” (Kolak and Thompson 8) and these two arguments started
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Rauch 2 great debates for western philosophers. Even his students, one of which is Anaximander, who’s ideas will later be discussed in this paper, didn’t believe that Thales ideas were fully correct. However, he used water as the fundamental element of which everything is made up of because it seemed that everything needed a form of water to survive. He
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phil.paper1 - Rauch 1 Kimberly Rauch Philosophy 20A Dr....

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