phil.1205 - Philosophy 20A Hannen Looking for engagement...

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Philosophy 20A Hannen 12/05/07 Looking for engagement with material, use notes, comments on lecture slides, specific examples, use examples of your own as well, explain what is going on “of the things there are…” Dissention between being set up and being in Importance of substance in Aristotle’s thinking is that it’s Aristotle’s way of tackling basic question of “what is this?” Space and time, material objects, mental states Aristotle wants to come up with a way to identify the basic constituents of reality Basic things out of which everything else is built Everything in reality is a property of or merges out of Problems of divisibility What are familiar items? – tree = collection of cellulose molecules – out of atoms – subatomic parts – made up of their parts Anything that occupies space in turn depends upon its existence from its parts Paradoxes of infinite divisibility Identify things that are independent existence Don’t depend on anything else for their existence Presumably the tree depends on the molecules for its existence Molecules depend on atoms for their existence Without atoms molecules couldn’t exist but atoms could exist without molecules Substances that are what everything else in reality is in Grapple with all kinds of difficult complications Aristotle makes Some things are: Predicated of a subject but not in any subject e.g. John’s a man. (uses is) In a subject, but not predicated of any subject: e.g. John knows how to play the piano. (isn’t set in subject)
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