Kottak Chapter 7

Kottak Chapter 7 - are also horticulturists, who hunt and...

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Kimberly Rauch Heather Thakar-Hucks 11/16/07 Kottak Chapter 7: Political Systems 7. Ju/’hoansi: who? how? Also referred to as San “Bushmen,” this society is made up of a hunting-gathering way of life with a band organization. These people are egalitarian, autonomous, band-organized, nomadic or semi nomadic. Their social relations in the San group stress kinship, reciprocity and sharing the work well in an economy with limited resources and few people. Members of this band also create kinship ties between members of different bands 8. Yanomami: who? how? Yanomami are a tribe, as typically with tribes the Yanomami lack socioeconomic stratification and a formal government. Main regulatory officials in this tribe are the village heads, “big men,” descent group leaders, village councils and pan-tribal associations, all of these officials have limited power in the tribe. The “big men” persuade people to organize feasts; he also supports more then one village, as where village heads only have one village. These people
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Unformatted text preview: are also horticulturists, who hunt and gather as well. They also give more power, prestige and respect to men then to women. 9. Kaweelka: who? how? These people are horticulturalists, raising pigs, yams, other vegetables, and live in small villages. These people are polygamists. They have a big man just like the Yanomami, the big man has no really authority. He can only attempt to get people to follow his ideas and plans. All the men are expected to contribute to the tribe. 10. Chiefdoms: who? how? Chiefdoms are forms of sociopolitical organizations intermediate between the tribe and the state. Social relations in chiefdoms are based mainly on kinship, marriage, descent, age, generation and gender. Some people in chiefdoms have more wealth, prestige and power. Some chiefdom have farming economies. 11. States? States are a form of sociopolitical organization based on a formal government structure and socioeconomic stratification....
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course ANTH 1 taught by Professor Hines during the Fall '07 term at UCSB.

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Kottak Chapter 7 - are also horticulturists, who hunt and...

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