anthro2.1031 - Anthropology 2 Hines Lecture 11 Apply to a...

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Anthropology 2 Hines 10/31/07 Lecture 11 Apply to a greater understanding of the world around you An anthropological approach to Halloween, why do you do this and where does it come from Samhain (sau-van) – Celtic holiday, European cultural group (iron age: 3000 BP) Once covered most of continent; Iberian Peninsula to Turkey Heartland was in Austria and southern Germany Pushed to fringe by Germanic tribes and Roman Empire 6 nations; Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Isle of Man, Cornwall, Brittany (large Celtic backgrounds) 4 languages – Irish and Scottish Gaelic, Welsh, Breton(Manx and Cornish) Continental Celtic: NW Portugal, Galicia, Cantabria, Austrias, (France) Celtic/Celts Part of Indo European language family Pagans: polytheistic religion (unchristianized), has many gods Samhain began as Gaelic harvest celebration Boundary between living and dead are compromised, dead come and do occupy space of the living o Bonfires, masks, costumes used to ward off marauding spirits (adult phenomenon), tinge of real fear o This influenced the people around them o Blended with Roman holiday Feralia(celebrations of passing of the dead) and celebration of Pamona, goddess of fruit (symbol is an apple) o Orgins of common Halloween practice of bobbing for apples
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course ANTH 1 taught by Professor Hines during the Fall '07 term at UCSB.

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anthro2.1031 - Anthropology 2 Hines Lecture 11 Apply to a...

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