final fair game sheet

final fair game sheet - Memory Ebbinghaus & CVC's consonant...

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Memory – consonant vowel consonant, 1880’s, memory for CVC’s (consonant vowel consonant), longer the list the longer it takes to memorize, pioneer in memory research. CVC is random lists of nonsense syllables (RID) "Forgetting curve" and decay – shorter amount of time the more you remember and vice versa Nature of iconic memory (sensory store ) – lasts only a few seconds, Partly a consequence of rate of recovery of sensory receptors from stimulation (after image), input from the sense(vision, sound, touch, lasts only a few seconds, flash on computer screen Characteristics of working (short-term) memory – holds only a few items, lasts about 30 seconds, requires attention, chunking LTM – capacity is unknown, intentional and incidental memory (latter more effective), lasting occur after 3 or 4, some memories last (kept fresh, rehearsal, well-learned), reconstructive(gaps are filled by confabulation, susceptible to motivated distortion) Memory types: Incidental vs. intentional – incidental is accidental memory and intentional is remembering something purposefully (numbers) Explicit vs. implicit – explicit is conscious, intentional recollection of memories and implicit is when previous experiences aid in the performance of tasks without conscious awareness of previous experiences, things you know but aren’t sure how you know it, influence by experience Procedural vs. declarative – procedural is implicit and performed, how-to memory (can and can opener) and declarative is explicit and recalled memory (can occur independently and in parallel) Semantic vs. episodic – semantic is facts and episodic is events Levels of processing principle – conept that the number and types of associations established during learning determine the ease of later retrieval Encoding specificity principle – tendency for the associations formed at the time of learning to be more effective retrieval cues then other associations, associations formed at the time of encoding are effective retrieval cues, when you store info, you also store the links to the way you thought about it at the time of encoding, how you study then take test same way Mnemonic devices – any memory aid that is based on encoding each item in a special way, Roy G. Biv Primacy and recency effects – primacy is the remembering the beginning of a list and recency is remembering the end of a list Permastore – memories that last a lifetime if they are well-learned, kept fresh and rehearsed (ex. Alphabet) Process of memory reconstruction – putting together an account of past events, based partly on memories and partly on expectations of what must have happened, retrieval not perfect, so we reconstruct the memory based on the things we do recall and our expectations of the events. As time passes, details fade False memory effect – hyponosis increases one’s confidence in one’s recollections, even if they are false, fabricating a memory from expectations, not real events
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course PSYCH 1 taught by Professor Fridlund during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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final fair game sheet - Memory Ebbinghaus & CVC's consonant...

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