GENERIC CONVENTIONS – PROSE/POETRY:ad hominem argument"to or against the man" this is an argument that appeals to emotion rather than reason, tofeeling rather that intellect.allegorythe device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent anabstraction in addition to the literal meaning.alliterationthe repetition of sounds, especially initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboringwords.allusiona direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known suchas an event, book, myth, place or work of art.ambiguitythe multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, or a word, phrase, sentence orpassage.analogya similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship betweenthem. Can explain something unfamiliar by associating it with or pointing out itssimilarity to something more familiar.aphorisma terse statement of known authorship which expresses a general truth or moralprinciple.apostrophea figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or personifiedabstraction, such as liberty or love.atmospherethe emotional mood created by the entirety of literary work, established partly by thesetting and partly by the authors choice of objects that are described.colloquial/colliguialismthe use of slang or informalities in speech or writing.Give conversational, familiar tone.conceita fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogybetween seemingly dissimilar objects. Displays intellectual cleverness due to the unusualcomparison being made.connotationthe nonliteral, associative meaning of a word;the implied, suggested meaning. Involveideas,emotions, or attitudes.denotationthe strict, literal dictionary definition or a word, devoid of any emotion, attitude or color.
dictionrelated tostyle, diction refers to the writers choices,especially with regard to theircorrectness, clearness or effectiveness.didactic"teaching". have the primary aim of teaching or instructing,especially the teaching ofmoral or ethical principles.euphemism"good speech". are more agreeable or less offensive substitute for generally unpleasantwords or concepts.extended metaphora metaphor developed at great length, occuring figurative languagewriting or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to beimaginative and vivid.figure of speecha device used to produce figurative language. Many compare dissimilar things. Figures ofspeech include, for example, apostrophe, hyperbole, irony.homilythis term literally means 'sermon' but more informally, it can include serious talk, speech,or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice.hyperbolea figure of speech using diliberate exaggeration or overstatement. Have a comic effect;however,a serious effect is possible.