92%(13)12 out of 13 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 8 pages.
Running head: RESEARCH SUMMARY TABLE1Research Summary Table: Head injuries to children not wearing helmetsLaura CostaChamberlain College of NursingNR505: Advance Research Methods: Evidence-Based Practice January 18, 2016
RESEARCH SUMMARY TABLE2Research Summary Table: Head injuries to children not wearing helmetsAuthor(year)PurposeSample/Number ofParticipants DesignLevel ofEvidenceFindingsLimitationsAdams etal., (2014)To evaluate the effectiveness of a school helmet safety program in increasing helmet use, knowledge, and improvingattitudes toward helmets use among school-aged children.A conveniencesample size of (n=951) students from six local elementary. Descriptive study of studentsresponses were received an analyzed using a Likert scale.Evidence froma single descriptive study.Students who participate in ahelmet safety program are more likely to report an increase in helmet use, increase in helmet safety knowledge, and improvement in attitude toward helmet use than students who did not participate in the programPossibility of bias due to nonrandom assignment of school selection to study groups. Two classes consisted of advanced learning students. Some students in the control group may have already had helmet safety knowledge. Lastly, during a field trip, 5thgrade students participated in a similar helmet safety presentation, but did not receive free helmets.Graves etal., (2014)To evaluate the effect of public bicycle share programs (PBSP), on thefrequency of bicycle-relatedhead injuriesA three-year study with a sample of (n=Ten cities).Comparison between cities with PBSP programs and those without of patients admittedto trauma centerswith bicycle related injuries.Comparison studyImplementationof a PBSP was associated with 14% greater risk ofhead injury among patients admittedto trauma centers for bicycle-related injuries.Not a population based study. Included patients only admitted to trauma centers. Other limitations included; follow-up time, post-implementation time was only12 monthsJoseph etal., (2014)To determine the use of bicycle helmetin prevention of intra-cranialhemorrhage.A four-year cohort study. Sample size of(n= 864) patients Retrospective cohort analysis of all the patientswho presented toour level 1 trauma center after a bicycle injury. Evidence fromwell-designed cohort study.Bicycle riders wereless likely to have a scalp laceration, skull fracture, and a facial fracture compared to non-helmeted bicycle riders.