Chapter 15 - Chapter 15 The basic goal of all psychotherapy...

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Chapter 15 The basic goal of all psychotherapy is to help people change maladaptive thoughts, feelings, and behavior patterns so that they can live happier and more productive lives. Clinical and counseling psychologists: typically hold a PhD or PsyD o PhD is a more science-oriented degree and PsyD is more professionally than scientifically oriented Psychiatrists: medical doctors who specialize in psychotherapy and in biomedical treatments, such as drug therapy The client , the therapist, and the techniques used by the therapists combine to influence the outcomes of psychotherapy Psychoanalysis: the goal of psychoanalysis is to help clients achieve insight (the conscious awareness of the psychodynamics that underlie their problems) Free association: clients verbally report without censorship any thoughts, feelings, or images that enter their awareness. Dream Analysis Interpretation: the analysts helps the client search for the unconscious material o Any statement by the therapist that is intended to provide the client with insight into his or her behavior or dynamics Resistance: defensive maneuvers that hinder the process of therapy o Resistance is a sign that anxiety-arousing material is being approached o Ultimate resistance: the client’s decision to drop out of therapy permanently Transference: occurs when the client responds irrationally to the analyst as if she or he were an important figure from the client’s past o Most important process in psychoanalysis, for it brings into the open repressed feelings and maladaptive behavior patterns that both the therapist and client can discover and explore o Two basic forms: Positive transference: occurs when a client transfers feelings of intense affection, dependency, or love to the analyst Negative transference: involves irrational expressions of anger, hatred, or disappointment Brief psychodynamic psychotherapies: focus on understanding the maladaptive influences of the past and relating them to current patterns of self-defeating behavior Importance of insight and the use of interpretation Interpersonal therapy: focuses almost exclusively on clients’ current relationships with important people in their lives
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Goals include resolving role disputes such as marital conflict, adjusting to the loss of a relationship, and identifying and correcting deficits in social skills that make it difficult for the client to initiate or maintain satisfying relationships Humanistic Psychotherapies Humanistic vs. Psychodynamic Psychodynamic theorists view behavior as a product of unconscious processes and humanistic theorists view humans as capable of consciously controlling their actions and taking responsibility for their choices and behavior Humanists believe that everyone possesses inner resources for self-healing and
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course PSY 315 taught by Professor Johndavis during the Winter '07 term at Michigan State University.

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Chapter 15 - Chapter 15 The basic goal of all psychotherapy...

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