Exam #2 is on March 1, 2007.
Chapter 11 – Development over the Life Span
Terms to Know
: developmental psychology, neonatal period, infancy, childhood,
adolescence, adulthood, senescence, visual cliff, cognition, schema, assimilation,
accommodation, adaptation, sensorimotor period, object permanence, stranger anxiety,
attachment, preoperational period, conservation, egocentrism, animism, concrete
operational stage, three-mountain problem, formal operational stage, zone of proximal
development, theory of mind, libido, oral stage, anal stage, phallic stage, Oedipus
complex, Electra complex, latency stage, genital stage, critical period, sensitive period,
cross-sectional design, longitudinal design, sequential design, zygote, embryo, teratogens,
fetal alcohol syndrome, reflexes, maturation, cephalocaudal principle, proximodistal
principle, temperament, imprinting, separation anxiety, strange situation, authoritative
parents, authoritarian parents, indulgent parents, neglectful parents, gender identity,
gender constancy, sex-typing, preconventional moral reasoning, conventional moral
reasoning, postconventional moral reasoning, puberty, adolescent egocentrism, social
clock, identity, intimacy, lanugo
People to Know:
Jean Piaget, Lev Vygotsky, Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson, and
Concepts to Know:
Know the names of the different stages of life, the order in which they come, and
Know the physical differences between babies and adults.
Know the relationship between sensory development in infants and a “visual
Know the relationship between schemas and assimilation, accommodation, and
Know the stages of Piaget’s cognitive development, their timeframes, and what
happens during them. Review table 11.1.
Know the findings of tests of Piaget’s research.
Explain how Vygotsky’s approach and information-processing models challenge
Know Freud’s psychosexual stages of development, when they occur, and what
Know Erikson’s 8 stages of psychosocial development, when they occur, and
what they entail.
10. According to Erikson, what are the three major developmental challenges of
11. Describe four major issues and three special research designs often encountered in
12. Describe the stages of prenatal development, how sex is determined, and the
effects of various teratogens.