Exam 2 Review Questions

Exam 2 Review Questions - Exam #2 is on March 1, 2007....

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Exam #2 is on March 1, 2007. Chapter 11 – Development over the Life Span Terms to Know : developmental psychology, neonatal period, infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood, senescence, visual cliff, cognition, schema, assimilation, accommodation, adaptation, sensorimotor period, object permanence, stranger anxiety, attachment, preoperational period, conservation, egocentrism, animism, concrete operational stage, three-mountain problem, formal operational stage, zone of proximal development, theory of mind, libido, oral stage, anal stage, phallic stage, Oedipus complex, Electra complex, latency stage, genital stage, critical period, sensitive period, cross-sectional design, longitudinal design, sequential design, zygote, embryo, teratogens, fetal alcohol syndrome, reflexes, maturation, cephalocaudal principle, proximodistal principle, temperament, imprinting, separation anxiety, strange situation, authoritative parents, authoritarian parents, indulgent parents, neglectful parents, gender identity, gender constancy, sex-typing, preconventional moral reasoning, conventional moral reasoning, postconventional moral reasoning, puberty, adolescent egocentrism, social clock, identity, intimacy, lanugo People to Know: Jean Piaget, Lev Vygotsky, Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson, and Lawrence Kohlberg Concepts to Know: 1. Know the names of the different stages of life, the order in which they come, and their timeframes. 2. Know the physical differences between babies and adults. 3. Know the relationship between sensory development in infants and a “visual cliff” 4. Know the relationship between schemas and assimilation, accommodation, and adaptation. 5. Know the stages of Piaget’s cognitive development, their timeframes, and what happens during them. Review table 11.1. 6. Know the findings of tests of Piaget’s research. 7. Explain how Vygotsky’s approach and information-processing models challenge Piaget’s views. 8. Know Freud’s psychosexual stages of development, when they occur, and what they entail. 9. Know Erikson’s 8 stages of psychosocial development, when they occur, and what they entail. 10. According to Erikson, what are the three major developmental challenges of adulthood? 11. Describe four major issues and three special research designs often encountered in developmental research. 12. Describe the stages of prenatal development, how sex is determined, and the effects of various teratogens.
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13. Describe the newborn’s sensory capabilities, perceptual preferences, reflexes, and ability to learn, 14. Explain violation-of-expectation and theory-of-mind research. 15. Discuss children’s emotional development, including emotional expressiveness,
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course PSY 315 taught by Professor Johndavis during the Winter '07 term at Michigan State University.

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Exam 2 Review Questions - Exam #2 is on March 1, 2007....

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