Chapter Two Review - Chapter Two Terms to Know 1 Hypothesis...

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Chapter Two Terms to Know 1. Hypothesis- A specific prediction about some phenomenon 2. Variable- Any characteristic or factor that can vary 3. Operational definition- Defines a variable in terms of the specific  procedures used to produce or measure it 4. Self-report measures- Ask people to report on their own knowledge,  attitudes, feelings, experiences, or behavior 5. Social desirability bias- The tendency to respond in a socially acceptable  manner rather than according to how one truly feels or behaves 6. Coding system- Used to record different categories of behavior 7. Unobtrusive measures- Which record behavior in a way that keeps  participants unaware that they are being observed 8. Archival measures- Which are records or documents that already exist 9. Personality test- Asses people’s personality traits, often contain series of  questions that ask how a person typically feels or behaves 10.Intelligence tests- May ask people to assemble objects or solve arithmetic  problems 11.Neuropsychological tests- Help diagnose normal and abnormal brain  functioning by measuring how well people perform mental and physical  tasks 12.APA Ethics Code- Develops the ethical guidelines for biomedical and  behavioral research including Beneficence, Responsibility, Integrity,  Justice, and Respect
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13.Informed Consent- Before people agree to participate in research they  should be informed about the study’s purpose and procedures, the study’s  potential benefits, potential risks to participants, the right to decline  participation, Whether responses will be confidential and if privacy will be  safeguarded 14.Deception- Which occurs when participants are misled about the nature of  a study 15.Descriptive research- Seeks to identify how humans and other animals  behave, particularly in natural settings 16.Case Study- An in depth analysis of an individual, group, or event 17.Naturalistic observation- The researcher observes behavior as it occurs in  a natural setting 18.Survey research- Information about a topic is obtained by administering  questionnaires or interviews to many people 19.Random Sampling- In which every member of the population has an qual  probability of being chosen to participate in the survey 20.Population Sample- A subset of individuals drawn from the larger  population interested in drawing a conclusions about a specific topic 21.Representative Sample- One that reflects the important characteristics of  the population 22.Correlational Research- Consists of three parts: Measuring one variable,  Measuring a second variable, then Statistically determines whether the  two variables are related 23.Correlational Coefficient- A statistic that indicated the direction and  strength of the relation between two variables 
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24.Negative Correlation- Occurs when higher scores on one variable are 
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Chapter Two Review - Chapter Two Terms to Know 1 Hypothesis...

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