Chapter Seven Review

Chapter Seven Review - Chapter 7 Review Terms to Know 1....

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Chapter 7 Review Terms to Know 1. Memory: refers to the processes that allow us to record, store, and later  retrieve experiences and information. 2. Encoding: refers to getting information into the system by translating it into  a neural code that your brain processes. 3. Storage: involves retaining information over time. 4. Retrieval: refers to processes that access stored information. 5. Sensory memory: Briefly holds incoming sensory information. 6. Short-term memory: a memory store that temporarily holds a limited  amount of information. 7. Memory codes: are mental representatives of some type of information or  stimulus and they can take various forms. 8. Chunking: Combining individual items into larger units of meaning. 9. Working memory: a limited-capacity system that temporarily stores and  processes information. 10.Long-term memory: is our vast library of more durable stored memories. 11. Serial position effect: meaning that the ability to recall an item is  influenced by the item’s position in a series. 12.Levels of processing: the more deeply we process information, the better  we will remember it. 13.Maintenance rehearsal: involves simple, rote repetition.
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14.Elaborative rehearsal: Which involves focusing on the meaning of  information or expanding (i.e., elaborating) on it in some way. 15.Dual coding theory: encoding information using both verbal and visual  codes enhances memory because the odds improve that at least one of  the codes will be available later to support recall. 16.Method of loci: a memory aid that associates information with mental  images of physical locations. 17.Mnemonic device: a memory aid. 18.Schema: is a mental framework-an organized pattern of thought-about  some aspect of the world. 19. Mnemonist (memorist): is a person who displays extraordinary memory  skills. 20. Associative network: a massive network of associated ideas and  concepts. 21.Priming: refers to the activation of one concept (or one unit of information)  by author. 22.Neural network (connectionist models): each memory is represented by a  unique pattern of interconnected and simultaneously activated nodes. 23. Parallel distributed processining (PDP) models: Neural network  (connectionist models) are often called this. 24.Declarative memory: involves factual knowledge. 25.Episodic memory: is our store of knowledge concerning personal  experiences: when, where and what happened in the episodes of our  lives.
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26.Semantic memory: represents general factual knowledge about the world  and language, including memory for words and concepts. 27.Procedural (nondeclarative) memory: is reflected in skills and actions.
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course PSY 315 taught by Professor Johndavis during the Winter '07 term at Michigan State University.

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Chapter Seven Review - Chapter 7 Review Terms to Know 1....

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