Chapter Eight Review

Chapter Eight Review - Chapter 8 Review Terms to Know 1...

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Chapter 8 Review Terms to Know 1. Mental representations : include images, ideas, concepts, and principles. 2. Language : consists of a system of symbols and rules for combining these  symbols in ways that can generate an infinite number of possible messages and  meanings.  3. Psycholinguistics:  the scientific study of the psychological aspects of language. 4. Grammar : the set of rules that dictate how symbols can be combined to create  meaningful units of communication.  5. Syntax:  the rules that govern the order of words. 6. Semantics : the meaning of words and sentences. 7. Displacement:  refers to the fact that language allows us to communicate about  events and objects that are not physically present. 8. Surface structure : consists of the symbols that are used and their order. 9. Deep structure : refers to the underlying meaning of the combined symbols. 10. Phoneme : the smallest unit of sound that is recognized as separate in a given  language. 11. Morphemes : the smallest units of meaning in a language. 12. Discourse : in which sentences are combined into paragraphs. Articles, books,  conversations, and so fourth. 13. Bottom-up processing : individual elements of a stimulus are analyzed and then  combined to form a uniform perception. 14. Top-down processing : sensory information is interpreted in light of existing  knowledge, concepts, ideas, and expectations.
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15. Speech segmentation : perceiving where each word within a spoken sentence  begins and ends. 16. Pragmatics : knowledge of the practical aspects of using language. 17. Aphasia:  impairment in speech comprehension and production. 18. Language acquisition device (LAD):  an innate biological mechanism that  contains the general grammatical rules common to all languages. 19. Language acquisition support system (LASS):  to represent factors in the  social environment that facilitates the learning of a language. 20.   Bilingualism : the use of two languages in daily life. 21. Lungistic relativity hypothesis : that language not only influences but also  determines what we are capable of thinking. 22.   Propositional thought : because it expresses a proposition, or statement. 23. Imaginal thought:  consists of images that we can see, hear, or feel in our mind. 24. Motoric thought : relates to mental representations of motor movements. 25. Propositions:  statement that express ideas. 26. Concepts : are basic units of semantic memory, mental categories into which we  place objects, activities, abstractions, and events that have essential features in  common. 27.Prototypes: the most typical and familiar members of a category or class.
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Chapter Eight Review - Chapter 8 Review Terms to Know 1...

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