Chapter 11 Review - Chapter 11 1. Developmental Psychology:...

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Chapter 11 1. Developmental Psychology : examines biological, physical, psychological, and behavioral changes that occur as  we age. 2. Neonatal Period : the first 28 days of life 3. Infancy : There is no exact definition for infancy. Quite often babies are called infants until they reach the age of one 4. Childhood : is a broad term usually applied to the phase of development in humans between infancy and adulthood 5. Adolescence:  the period of development and gradual transition between childhood and adulthood. 6. Adulthood the period in the human lifespan in which full physical and intellectual maturity have been attained. 7. Senescence The state of being old; the process of growing old; aging 8. Visual cliff :   The Visual Cliff is a test given to infants to see if they have developed depth perception 9. Cognition : thoughts, images, memories, and interpretations that involved in every aspect of emotion. 10. Schemas : organized patterns of thought and action 11. Assimilation :  is the process by which new experiences are incorporated into existing schemas. 12. Accommodation:  is the process by which new experiences cause existing schemas to change.  13. Adaptations : a biological and behavioral change that allows organisms to meet reoccurring environmental  challenges to their survival. 14. Sensorimotor Stage :  infants understand their world primarily through sensory experiences and physical  interactions with objects.
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15. Object permanence : the understanding that the object continues to exist even when it no longer can be seen. 16. Stranger Anxiety:  The stress over contact with unfamiliar people often emerges around ages 6 or 7 months and  ends by 18 months. 17. Attachment:   Refers to the strong emotional bond that emerges between children and their primary caretakers. 18. Preoperational Stage :  The stage in which they represent the world symbolically in mental images but do not yet  understand basic mental operations or rules. 19. Conservation :  the principle that basic properties of objects, such as their volume, mass, or quantity, stay the same  even through though their outward appearance might change. 20. Egocentrism : difficulty in viewing the world from someone else’s perspective. 21. Animism:  is a belief system that does not accept the separation of body and soul, of spirit from matter. 22. Concrete operational change : can perform basic mental operations concerning problems that involve tangible  objects and situations. 23.
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course PSY 315 taught by Professor Johndavis during the Winter '07 term at Michigan State University.

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Chapter 11 Review - Chapter 11 1. Developmental Psychology:...

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