Chapter 6 Terms - Chapter 6 1. Adaptive Significance: how a...

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Chapter 6 1. Adaptive Significance : how a behavior influences an organism’s chances of  survival and reproduction in its natural environment 2. Applied behavior analysis : which combines a behavioral approach with the  scientific method to solve individual and societal problems. 3.   Aversion therapy:  which attempts to condition an aversion to a stimulus that  triggers unwanted behavior by pairing it with a noxious UCS. 4. Aversion punishment : also referred to positive punishment or punishment by  application is a response that is weakened by the subsequent presentation of a  stimulus. 5. Avoidance conditioning:  the organism learns a response to avoid an aversive  stimulus. 6. Chaining:  is used to develop sequence of responses by reinforcing each  response with the opportunity to perform the next response.
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7. Classical conditioning : in which an organism learns to associate 2 stimuli, such  as one stimulus comes to elicit a response that was originally was elicited only by  the other stimulus. 8. Cognitive map:  a mental representation of the spatial layout. 9. Conditioned response (CR):  a response elicited by a conditioned stimulus. 10. Conditioned Stimulus (CS):  a stimulus that, through association with the UCS,  comes to elicit a conditioned response similar to the original UCR. 11. Conditioned taste aversion : a conditioned response in which the taste of a  particular food becomes disgusting or repulsive. 12.
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Chapter 6 Terms - Chapter 6 1. Adaptive Significance: how a...

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