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Motivation -Chapter 10 terms

Motivation -Chapter 10 terms - 1 Motivation is a process...

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1. Motivation- is a process that influences the direction, persistence, and vigor of goal directed behavior. 2. Instinct- (fixed action pattern)- is an inherited characteristic, common to all members of a species, that automatically produces a particular response when the organism is exposed to a particular stimulus 3. Homeostasis- a state of internal physiological equilibrium that the body strives to maintain 4. Drives- states of internal tension the motivate an organism to behave in ways that reduce this tension 5. Behavioral activation system- is roused to action by signals of potential reward and positive need gratification 6. Behavioral inhibition system- which responds to stimuli that signal potential pain, nonreinforcement, and punishment 7. Incentives- represent environmental stimuli that pull an organism toward a goal 8. Expectancy x value theory- goal- directed behavior is jointly determined by the strength of the persons expectation that particular behaviors will lead to a goal and by the incentive value the individual places on that goal 9. Extrinsic motivation- performing an activity to obtain an external reward or avoid punishment 10. Intrinsic motivation- performing an activity to obtain an external reward or avoid punishment 11. Maslow’s need hierarchy- a progression containing deficiency needs at the bottom and uniquely human growth needs at the top. 12. Self-determination theory- focuses on three fundamental psychological needs: competence, autonomy, and relatedness 13. Source- 14. Aim- 15. Impetus- 16. Object- 17. Drive reduction theory-
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18. Henry Murray and Need Theory- 19. D-motives- 20. Hunger- 21. Metabolism- is the body’s rate of energy utilization
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