CTCS_406_Midterm_Review - Mario Giampaolo Miranda Banks...

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Mario Giampaolo Miranda Banks CTCS 406 Fall ‘07 Midterm Review CTCS 406 ID Red Channels - ( The Report of Communist Influence in Radio and Television) a pamphlet published during the height of the Red Scare identifying and conspiring against television and radio entertainers and their alleged Communist intentions. Linked with the moral panic and fear that children of the 1950’s were growing up less educated, television and radio stars were attacked during this time as a reason for corruption and disloyalty in our country after WWII citing specific examples as to where they were born and instances in which they allude to anything but 100% patriotism. These stars were then denied of further employment. Affiliates- individual television stations that carry the programs of the network. Affiliates were fairly dependent on the larger networks until the institution of (FINSYN) when programming and distribution was separated from production creating the ability to broadcast any show from any network after its first season and (PTAR) when one of the four hours of primetime programming was given to affiliates. Blue Book- (1946) a decision by the FCC to set rules for network broadcasting to ensure that television, “serve the public good”. The rules of the Blue Book stated that there be balanced and fair coverage, controversial programming was aired when necessary, diversity exists within the programming and that non profit and civic organizations had an opportunity to gain access to broadcasting. The Blue Book was intended to regulate the amount of power any network had at a given point and ensured the quality and intent of television to serve its audience and not its sponsors. Networks ultimately came up with strategies to distribute nationwide and to keep affiliates dependent based on the rules of the Blue Book and the fact that the affiliates could not afford to make the decisions at the time. Herbert Stemple- Invovled in the Quiz Show scandals of the 1950’s, Herbert Stemple was the unbeatable man who was unfairly defeated by Charles Lincoln Van Doren in a scheme to get him kicked off of the quiz show “Twenty-One” because he knew too much. In efforts to get Stemple removed from the show, answers were given to Van Doren who then cheated, but ended up confessing after being subpoenaed. As a result, networks became uneasy of single sponsorship programming and enforced the push for networks to have economic control. Vast Wasteland- Recall Newton Minnow’s (chair of the FCC) speech about all Television being a vast wasteland . “I invite you to sit down in front of your
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Television set when your station goes on the air and stay there without a book, magazine, newspaper, profit and-loss sheet or rating book to distract you--and keep your eyes glued to that set until the station signs off. I can assure you that you will observe a vast wasteland . He is making a call to the return to the principle of the blue book. He felt that there was too much blood and violence on TV. Banks says that TV is basically in
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CTCS_406_Midterm_Review - Mario Giampaolo Miranda Banks...

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