Justification Defenses outline

Justification Defenses outline - DEFENSES TO CRIMINAL...

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DEFENSES TO CRIMINAL LIABILITY - OUTLINE I. Objectives for Section on Defenses - Chaps. 7 & 8 - Know the difference between general and affirmative defenses, including impact on production of evidence and burden of proof - Know definitions of justification and excuse defenses & differences between the two types - Know the types of justification defenses and excuse defenses - Know the elements of & be able to apply (to fact situations) the following defenses: self-defense, choice-of-evils, consent, duress, mistake, intoxication, age, and entrapment - Know and be able to apply the retreat doctrine and the defense of home and property rule - Know the issues and current law regarding the execution of public duties, resisting unlawful arrest, intoxication and age defenses - Know the limitations of the defense of consent - Know and be able to apply the four insanity tests - Understand the reasons for the insanity defense and the current state of the law - Understand and be able to apply the diminished capacity defense(s) II. Introduction to defenses - General Principles A. Distinction between A general @ 1. A General @ defenses - theories of A defense @ that negate the prosecution = s attempt to prove the elements of the offense charged All require production of evidence by defendant, but not affirmative defense, so no shifting of persuasive burden Note - Constitutional requirement that govt. prove each element of crime Alibi defense belongs in general defense category 1
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2. Affirmative defenses - those defenses that say - even though prosecution has established elements of the crime, for some other reason, not liable or reduced liability recognized by law Justification & excuse defenses, such as self defense, insanity, entrapment, etc., are affirmative defenses to variety of crimes Patterson v. New York - U.S. Supreme Court (1977) approved shifting burden of persuasion to defendant on issues that not an element of crime charged B. How Affirmative defenses work - burden of proof beyond a reasonable doubt on prosecution for each & every element of crime charged - where a defense outside basic elements of crime, A extraordinary circumstances @ - defendant has burden of production for affirmative defense in all jurisdictions - jurisdictions vary with burden of persuasion Some - burden always on prosecution - i.e., where evidence of affirmative defense presented, burden on prosecution to prove not valid some - burden on defendant to prove affirmative defense by preponderance of evidence A few jurisdictions - once defendant proves affirmative defense by preponderance of evidence, burden shifts back to prosecution to prove NOT justified or excused beyond a reasonable doubt C. Difference between defenses of justification and excuse Justification - although defendant admits did action and would generally be a crime, that because of special circumstances, not
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course CJ 102 taught by Professor Morris during the Spring '08 term at New Haven.

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Justification Defenses outline - DEFENSES TO CRIMINAL...

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