Origins of Mythology

Origins of Mythology - • Ritual Theory-A key to ancient...

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Origins of Mythology? • Paleolithic and Mesolithic (40,000-6500 B.C.E) • Neolithic (6500-3700 B.C.E) • Bronze Age (4000-1000 B.C.E) • Early Greek Civilizations: Minoan (3100-1380) and Mycenaean (1550-1150) Eras for the Study of Mythology • Dark Age (1100-750 B.C.E) • Archaic Era (750-480 B.C.E; Homer, Hesiod, Homeric Hymns ) • Classical Era (479-323 B.C.E; Sophocles, Euripides) • Hellenistic Era (323-30 B.C.E; Apollonius of Rhodes, Apollodorus?) • Roman Era (30 B.C.E-410 C.E.; Catullus, Vergil, Ovid) Function of Myths • Etiology (aetiolgy, aitiology) - natural, religious, social • Cultural definition-genealogy, social hierarchy • Entertainment and enlightenment • Pre-History, Euhemerism • Allegory; philosophical interpretation of myth Modern Study of Myths • Historicism- A key to the past
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Unformatted text preview: • Ritual Theory-A key to ancient cult practices • Psychological-Freud and Jung, archetypes and the modern mind • Folktale-Structuralism, narrative patterns, motifs • Social-Myths indicate ancient attitudes; myths subject to revision What are Myths? • Myth- “A traditional tale with secondary partial reference to something of collective importance”-Walter Burkert • Greek Myths-traditional narratives related to the Olympian pantheon, shared history, and ritual practice • Types in traditional tales- exogamic suitor (search for food and progeny), monster-killer, fatal maidens, trickster, reciprocity, trebling What is Mythology? • Muthos- utterance, explanation; poetry • Logos- word, speech, an account; prose • Mythology-a prose account of poetic narratives....
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