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60276738KANYISA UNATHI MPENTSHUESC 3701ASSIGNMENT 2QUESTION1Sociology of education is the study of educational structures, processes and practices from asociological perspective. It is a core field within the discipline of sociology. Therefore, sociology ofeducation defines the scientific analysis of the social process and social patterns involved ineducational system. This means that it is used to increase the understanding of the relationshipbetween education institutions and society, both at the micro and the macro levels.(Saha,2008:300) (Sociology of Education Text Book)QUESTION 2Functionalists view education as one of the more important social institutions in a society. Theycontend that education contributes two kinds of functions: manifest or primary functions, which arethe intended and visible functions of education; and latent or secondary functions, which are thehidden and unintended functions.The functionalist theory of education focuses on how education serves the needs of society throughdevelopment of skills, encouraging social cohesion and sorting of students. According tofunctionalists, the role of school is to prepare students for participation in the institution of society.QUESTION 3Talcott Parsons viewed society as a system. He argued that any social system has four basic functionalprerequisites: adaptation, goal attainment, integration and pattern maintenance. These can be seenas problems that society must solve if it is to survive. The function of any part of the social system isunderstood as its contribution to meeting the functional prerequisites.Talcott Parsons maintained that any social system can be analysed in terms of the functionalprerequisite he identified. Thus, all parts of society can be understood with reference to thefunctions they perform.QUESTION 4Generally, conflict theory argues that there are inequalities amongst the dominant group and all ofthe other groups in every society. These inequalities are evident when we look at the structures ofwealth, power and status in the society. These are the same structures that maintain the social,economic, political and coercive power of one group at the expense of others.
In these structures, family plays a dominant role as a vehicle to maintain patriarchy and socialinequality in society. This is seen in most parts of Africa where the traditional family system ispractised. In most of these cultural groups, the system is patriarchal, which contributes to inequalitybetween females and males. The family thus becomes a social arrangement that benefits men morethan women. It allows men to maintain a position of power. (Sociology of Education Text Book)

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Sociology, The Communist Manifesto, Encyclopedia of Education

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