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Study notes - TRAD 104(Classical Mythology STUDY GUIDE for...

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TRAD 104 (Classical Mythology) STUDY GUIDE for FINAL EXAM Familiarity with the context and the significance of the following terms and names should be useful for the final exam. You may not ask the instructor or teaching assistants for the meaning or significance of these terms. However, you may ask a teaching assistant or the instructor about specific lecture material. You are encouraged to form study groups. The exam may also have material upon it that is not directly related to the following list. Therefore, students should also review their class notes. The majority of the test will be directly related to this list. Note: Students should also consider the basic attributes of the various gods of the Olympian pantheon. Folktale motifs (various) o Folktales deal with adventures both plausible and implausible wrapped in the forms of human or animal abilities. o They are the simple tales that have truly evil people or animals, and truly good people or animals, and the good always wins out in the end in these stories, giving way to the child's version of fairness. o Folktales will often share common motifs--plot elements which appear so frequently that they are easily recognized. You'll be able to think of folktales you've read which have featured the motifs below. Note that no one folktale will feature all of the motifs. Still, enough motifs will appear in any one folktale to highlight its traditional roots. a younger brother/sister who is good conversely, the elder brother/sister who is mean or evil a clever trickster a wicked stepmother a poor or mistreated younger child the use of magical objects a marvelous transformation a long sleep or enchantment magical powers An incantation three wishes trickery the power of naming invisibility becoming stuck the number 3 or 7 a repetitive phrase a journey repetitive tasks wise/foolish beast time is past Kleos/kluein o Kleos is the Greek word often translated to "renown", or " honor ". It is related to the word "to hear" and carries the implied meaning of "what others hear about you". A Greek hero earns kleos through accomplishing great deeds, often through battle. o Kleos is invariably transferred from father to son; the son is responsible for carrying on and building upon the "glory" of the father. This is a reason Penelope put off her suitors for so long, and one justification for Medea 's murder of her own children was to cut short Jason 's kleos. o Kleos is a common theme in Homer 's epics: The Iliad and The Odyssey .
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o As the polis (city or state) emerged during the classical period of Greek history after the so- called "Dark Age" of 1000-750 BC, the Homeric warrior ethic transformed into an ethos with the city-state replacing the individual at the top. Shifting emphasis away from individualism, the goal for a polis hoplite (The hoplite was a heavy infantryman that was the central focus of
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Study notes - TRAD 104(Classical Mythology STUDY GUIDE for...

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