Study Guide for Final exam Fall 2007

Study Guide for Final exam Fall 2007 - Study Guide for...

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Study Guide for Final Exam Fall 2007 Social readjustment rating scale- what does it measure and how is it used: Measure of stress and ranks 43 life events from most to least stressful and assigns a point value to each. Life events that produce the greatest life changes and require the greatest adaptation are considered the most stressful, regardless of positive or negative. Score a 300 or more you have a 80% risk of suffering from a major health problem in 2 years. Selye’s GAS- The predictable sequence of reactions (alarm, resistance, and exhaustion stages) that organisms show in response to stressors. Alarm stage: first stage where person experiences a burst of energy that aids in dealing with stressful situation. Adrenal cortex releases glucocoritocids that increase heart rate. Resistance stage: intense psychological efforts to either resist or adapt to stressor. Length depends both on intensity of stressor and bodies power to adapt. Exhaustion stage: occurs if organism fails in its efforts to resist the stressor. All stores of deep energy are depleted. Types of conflict (approach –approach, etc.): Approach approach: having to choose between equally desirable alternatives. Ie. Deciding what movie to see, building a promising career or instead raising a child. Avoidance avoidance: two undesirable alternatives, you want to avoid studying for this shit exam but at the same time don’t wanna fail. Approach avoidance: single choice that has both desirable and undesirable features. Repelled by choice- wanting to take a wonderful vacation but having an empty savings account after. Type A: Behavior pattern marked by a sense of time urgency, impatience, excessive competitiveness, hostility, and anger; considered a risk factor in coronary heart disease. Involved in a constant struggle to achieve more in less time, Type B: Marked by a relaxed, easy going approach to life without time urgency. They play for fun and relaxation. Posttraumatic stress disorder- prolonged and severe stress reaction to a catastrophic event or to chronic stress. People often have flashbacks that make them feel like they are reexperiencing the event. Suffer anxiety. A study of women wit PTSD were twice as likely to experience first-onset depression and three times likely to develop alcohol problems. Freud’s theory of personality –Study of psychoanalysis that says the unconscious forces shape human thought and behavior. Unconscious: primary motivating force of human behavior, containing repressed memories as well as instincts , wishes, and desires that have never been conscious. Preconscious: the thoughts, feelings, sensations, and memories that a person is not consciously aware of at the moment but that may easily brought to consciousness. Id: The unconscious system of the personality, which contains the life and death instincts and
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course PYSCH 101 taught by Professor Wertz during the Fall '07 term at Fordham.

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Study Guide for Final exam Fall 2007 - Study Guide for...

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