URP Final Guide - URP 4000 FINAL EXAM REVIEW CONTEMPORARY...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
URP 4000 FINAL EXAM REVIEW CONTEMPORARY URBAN PLANNING – LEVY 1. Identify major factors behind urban growth in the late 1800's early 1900's. ( pg 9-10) One force behind growth was simply national population growth . The rate of natural increases ( births minus deaths) was extremely rapid and was augmented by immigration particularly after inauguration of transatlantic steam service in 1840. Industrial revolution especially due to machinery made farmers more productive also made factory production popular and hence increased need for housing. Also prompted by the development of low coast transpiration . Railroad and steamboat. The Rapid settling of the country and opening of new lands. 2. What made the 19th century cities so concentrated? (pg10) Due to the low cost or water based transportation and high cost of ground transportation which consisted of horse and wagon, the cost differences favored growth of port cities . Also the concentration of economic activity with direct water access and most people walked to work favored settlement. Shortly after the civil war, elevators and steel frame structures made skyscrapers economically and structurally possible. 3. Identify the 2 main reasons for the change in population distribution (i.e. decentralization) in the late 19th century. (pg 10-18) Electric Streetcar was faster and cheaper than horse drawn trolleys and the advance in power transmission technologies and electric motor enables the electric street car go some distance. The radius of many cities doubled and the process of suburbanization began. From the 1950’s the automobile was the largest factor for decentralization as it was accompanied by highway building post World War II due to the sudden increase in automobiles . Decentralization has also be promoted to due improvements in electronic communication like long distance calling and faxing. 4. What lured people to the suburbs? (pg 14-15) Manufacturing started to decentralize as many suburban location offered lower land costs, often lower taxes and advantages of been able to locate heavy machinery on ground floor instead of higher levels in the cities . Due to rise in incomes, people were able to spend more money on land, more on transportation and more on housing to escape the slums and tenements . From the 1950’s the automobile was the largest factor for decentralization as it was accompanied by highway building post World War II due to the sudden increase in automobiles.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Decentralization has also be promoted to due improvements in electronic communication like long distance calling and faxing 5. What is annexation? is the legal incorporation of some territory into another geo-political entity (either adjacent or non-contiguous) . Usually, it is implied that the territory and population being annexed is the smaller, less peripheral or weaker of the two merging entities. It can also imply a certain measure of coercion, expansionism or unilateralism on the part of the stronger of the
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This test prep was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course URP 4000 taught by Professor Patten during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

Page1 / 18

URP Final Guide - URP 4000 FINAL EXAM REVIEW CONTEMPORARY...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online