AP Psychology - Chapter 1

AP Psychology - Chapter 1 - The Scientific Attitude Chapter...

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Chapter One  | Section The Scientific Attitude The scientific approach to nature and life is through curious skepticism and open-minded humility. The Scientific Attitude  – being skeptical but not cynical, humbly open but not gullible. Skepticism,  asks “what do you mean?” and “how do you know?” Humility  requires us to reject our own ideas and be open-minded. Skeptical of human authority, and humble before nature. Critical Thinking  – “smart thinking” examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates  evidence, and assesses conclusions; asking questions. Negative cynicism  is the result of too much skepticism and too much critical thinking, but  produces humility. The Limits of Intuition and Common Sense People with faith in intuition, scorn the scientific approach. They believe in hunches over critical  thinking in making decisions. Intuition in actuality is bad because it blunders. Hindsight Bias  – “I-Knew-It-All-Along-Phenomenon” is when people believe they knew the  outcome and are less surprised after they learn the outcome. Common sense  describes what has happened rather than what will happen. Overconfidence  – attribute of human beings that limits thinking. We think we know more than we  really do. Comes from our tendency to seek information that confirms our ideas and ignore  information that disconfirms them. Research Strategies: How Psychologists Ask and Answer Questions The Scientific Method  – making observations, forming theories, and then refining theories in the  light of new observations. Theory
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course ZOO 1114 taught by Professor Melodybrooks during the Spring '08 term at The University of Oklahoma.

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AP Psychology - Chapter 1 - The Scientific Attitude Chapter...

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