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July 5th Class Notes - Mexico 3 Slavery in Washington D.C 4...

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July 5, 2007 Class Notes: Possible warp of ending slavery: 1) Ending slavery by Federal law? NO 2) Ending slavery by constitutional amendment? NO 3) Ending slavery by state action? No 4) Ending slavery by persuading every single slave owner voluntarily to free every single slave? No 5) Fighting slavery by preventing its spread into the territories? Maybe Federal Territory political community: in U.S. created by Congress in preparation for eventual statehood What could and should be done about slavery in the Federal territories? 1) Northern anti-slavery answer: Congress could (had the authority) and should forbid slavery in all the new territories. 2) Southern pro-slavery answer: Congress has no authority to forbid slavery in any Federal territory and Federal law must allow and protect slavery in every territory. 3) Moderate answer: “popular sovereignty” Senator Douglas Problems facing U.S after war 1) California a. 1848- 8,000 b. 1849- gold c. 1850- 100,000 2) Establishing territorial governments in the rest of land U.S. had gotten from
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Unformatted text preview: Mexico 3) Slavery in Washington D.C. 4) Southern demands for a tough Federal law providing for the capture and return of fugitive slaves July 6, 2007 Class Notes: Compromise of 1850 a. California would enter the Union as a free state b. Congress would enact a very severe “Fugitive Slave Act” c. Slavery would remain legal in District of Columbia; the slave trade would be banned by Federal law d. Congress would create a new Federal territories ( from Mexican Cession) the status of slavery to be decided in future by popular sovereignty Whig Party a. Major party- yes b. National party- no Republican Party a. Major party- yes b. National party- no c. Sectional party- yes Results of Kansas-Nebraska Act 1. death of Whig Party 2. Birth of Republican Party 3. “Bleeding Kansas” Northeast West South Industry Farming Farming Free State Free State Slave State...
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