Midterm Exam Study Guide - Midterm Exam Study Guide:...

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Midterm Exam Study Guide: History 1301 a. Ferdinand and Isabella - The marriage in 1469 of royal cousins, Ferdinand of Aragon (1452-1516) and Isabella of Castile (1451-1504), eventually brought stability to both kingdoms. In August Christopher Columbus, sponsored by Ferdinand and Isabella, set sail from the small Spanish seaport of Palos on his epoch-making voyage to America, which was the first step in the creation of the Spanish overseas colonial empire. In 1493, by the terms of a treaty between Spain and France, Ferdinand recovered from King Charles VIII of France the ancient province of Roussillon (now forming the French department of the Pyrénées-Orientales), which Ferdinand's father had mortgaged to King Louis XI of France. b. John Cabot -known in English as John Cabot , and in French as Jean Cabot , was a Genoese navigator and explorer commonly credited as one of the first early modern Europeans to land on the North American mainland, aboard the Matthew in 1497. The trip was uneventful, and he finally spotted land a month later, landing somewhere on the east coast of what is now Canada on June 24, possibly Labrador, Newfoundland or Cape Breton Island (Canada and Great Britain accept Cape Bonavista as the official landing site). Seeing signs of habitation, he explored south down the coastline. Five ships set sail the same year, but only one ship returned—the rest were mysteriously lost at sea,
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Midterm Exam Study Guide - Midterm Exam Study Guide:...

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