June 27th Reading - Paris Peace Conference 1919-The Paris Peace Conference of 1919 was a conference organized by the victors of World War I to

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Paris Peace Conference 1919- The Paris Peace Conference of 1919 was a conference organized by the victors of World War I to negotiate the peace treaties between the Allied and Associated Powers and the defeated Central Powers. The 'Big Four' — Georges Clemenceau, Prime Minister of France; David Lloyd George, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States of America; and Vittorio Orlando, Prime Minister of Italy — were the dominant diplomatic figures at the conference. The conclusions of their talks were imposed on the defeated countries. After Woodrow Wilson failed to convince Lloyd George and Georges Clemenceau to support his Fourteen Points, the conference settled on discussing the possibility of a League of Nations. After most points were agreed on, the written document detailing the League was brought back to the U.S. to be approved by Congress. Congress objected only to Article 10, which stated that an attack on any member of the League would be considered an attack on all members, who would be expected to support, if not join in on the attacked country's side. Wilson, disheartened, returned to Paris in March after all the diplomats had reviewed the League outline with their respective governments. Without the approval of Congress, Clemenceau noted Wilson's weak position and furthered the interests of Britain and France, opposed by Wilson. Germany was forced to accept full blame, which the new German government disliked, and so resigned. Germany was being asked to accept all responsibility, lose all colonies and some homeland, and to pay the Allies of World War I 33 billion dollars. Wilson would not sign these treaties, and so the United States signed separate treaties with Germany, approved by Congress. The Treaty of Versailles- (1919) was the peace treaty which officially ended World War I between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany. one of the most important and controversial provisions required Germany and its allies to accept full responsibility for causing the war and, under the terms of articles 231-248, disarm, make substantial territorial concessions and pay reparations to certain countries that had formed the Allies. France had wanted Germany to be punished, Britain wanted a relatively strong, economically viable Germany as a counterweight to French dominance in Continental Europe, and the United States wanted the creation of a permanent peace as quickly as possible, with financial compensation for its military expenditures. The result of these competing and sometimes incompatible goals among the victors was a
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course HIST 105 taught by Professor Hightower during the Summer '07 term at Texas A&M University-Galveston.

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June 27th Reading - Paris Peace Conference 1919-The Paris Peace Conference of 1919 was a conference organized by the victors of World War I to

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