AP Psychology - Chapter 14 - Chapter Fourteen | Section Six...

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Chapter Fourteen  | Section Six Personality  – individual characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting “strong” personality  – one that is strikingly distinctive and consistent Consistency and distinctiveness define personality 4 Major Perspectives on Personality 1. Psychoanalytic  focused on childhood sexuality and unconscious minds 2. Trait focused on different dimensions of personality that attribute to  consistency 3. Humanistic focused on self fulfillment and inner growth 4. Social-Cognitive focused on how we are shaped and shape environment The Psychoanalytic Perspective Sigmund Freud  (1856 – 1939) – one of the most influential persons of Western Culture Considered most popular in Psychology Attended University of Vienna Loved reading and showed signs of brilliance Graduated from Medical School and specialized in Nervous System Turned to “psychology” for unexplainable answers Filled 24 Volumes of ideas Wrote  Interpretation of Dreams Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory  – the first comprehensive theory of personality Exploring the Unconscious Freud discovered the unconscious searching for psychological rather than physiological  causes Ex-  loss of feeling in one’s hand bay be caused by fear of touching genitals Hypnotized patients to get them to talk freely, and sometimes symptoms went away  immediately Free Association  – Freud’s method of psychoanalysis, in which the patient relaxes and  talks freely no matter how trivial or embarrassing; alternative to hypnosis Created a chain of thought leading into the patient’s unconscious, retrieving  repressed memories.
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Psychoanalysis  – the technique of treating psychological disorders by seeking to  expose and interpret unconscious tensions.  Unconscious  – region containing thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories that we are  unaware of. Contained repressed memories that are too painful to acknowledge Heavily influences: 1. the work we choose 2. beliefs we hold 3. daily habits 4. troubling symptoms 5. thoughts 6. actions 7. dreams 8. slips of the tongue Preconscious  – region containing thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories that we can  retrieve at will into conscious awareness Nothing was ever accidental By analyzing the unconscious Freud believed he could reveal nature of inner conflicts Personality Structure Personality is the result of the conflict: Aggressive Pleasure Seeking Biological Impulses v. Social  Restraints Conflict centers on three interacting systems: 1.
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