AP Psychology - Chapter 16 - Chapter Sixteen | Section...

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 Chapter Sixteen  | Section Seven The Psychological Therapies Psychotherapy  – an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained  therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties; over 250 ore more  types Half of all psychotherapists take an eclectic approach Eclectic Approach -  an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the  client’s problems, uses or integrates techniques from various types of therapies  (also known as psychotherapy integration) Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis  – Freud’s belief that the patient’s free associations, resistances,  dreams, and transferences- and the therapist’s interpretation of them- releases previously  repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self insight Aims To bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness where the patient can deal  with them Assumes that many psychological problems are fueled by childhood’s residue of  supposedly repressed impulses and conflicts Methods After abandoning hypnosis, Freud turned to  free association , beginning with a  childhood memory Resistance  - blocking from conscious of anxiety-laden material Interpretation  - the analyst noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and  other significant behaviors in order to promote insight  Transference  - the patient’s transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other  relationships Based on assumption that repressed memories exist for Freud’s  reason Humanistic Therapies
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Aims to boost self-fulfillment by helping people grow in self awareness and self  acceptance Person-Centered Therapy Carl Rogers  proposed that therapists exhibit genuineness, acceptance, and  empathy Person –centered therapy  - humanistic theory developed by Carl Rogers in  which a therapist uses techniques such as active listening with a genuine,  accepting, empathetic environment to facilitate a client’s growth Unconditional acceptance Active Listening  - empathetic listening technique in which the listener echoes,  restates, and clarifies Provided  unconditional positive regard , people internalize unconditional positive  self-regard, accepting even their worst traits, feeling valued and whole Gestalt Therapy Fritz Perls
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