AP Psychology - Chapter 15

AP Psychology - Chapter 15 - Chapter Fifteen | Section...

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 Chapter Fifteen  | Section Seven Disturbed people ” = anxious, depressed, withdrawn, suspicious, deluded, and  antisocial To study the abnormal is the best way to understand the normal Perspectives on Psychological Disorders Defining Psychological Disorders Psychologically disordered  – a condition in which behavior is judged atypical,  disturbing, maladaptive, and unjustifiable Understanding Psychological Disorders The Medical Perspective Phillipe Pinel –  reformed idea of disorders from “demonic possession” to  “sickness in response to severe stresses and inhumane conditions.” Syphilis produced a disordered mind, sparking medical treatment Medical Model  – the concept that mental  illness   needs to be  diagnosed  on the  basis of its  symptoms  and  cured  through  therapy Genetically influence abnormalities in the brain, biochemistry and psychological  factors contribute to a number of disorders The Bio-Psycho-Social Perspective All behavior is a result of both nature and nurture Culture provides evidence for environmental effects Depression and Schizophrenia are universal, while disorders such as  anorexia and bulimia are culture bound in the West Disorders are influenced by: 1. genetic predispositions 2. physiological states 3. inner psychological dynamics 4. social circumstances
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Bio-psycho-social Perspective  – a contemporary perspective which assumes  that biological, sociocultural, and psychological factors combine and interact to  produce psychological disorders Classifying Psychological Disorders Diagnostic classification ideally aims to describe a disorder, to predict its future course, to  imply appropriate treatment, and to stimulate research into its causes American Psychiatric Associations  – current authoritative scheme for classifying  psychological disorders DSM-IV  – Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition; 1994  volume; describes disorders and their prevalence without presuming to explain their  causes Diagnosing people in regard to their symptoms found in DSM-IV, presumes a mental  illness 230 psychological disorders into 17 major categories Reliable Neurotic Disorders  – rational; psychological disorders that, although distressing, still  allow one to think rationally and function socially Psychotic Disorders  – irrational; psychological disorders in which a person loses  contact with reality, experiencing irrational ideas and distorted perceptions Labeling Psychological Disorders Critics argue that labeling causes us to view people differently, creating perceptions that 
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AP Psychology - Chapter 15 - Chapter Fifteen | Section...

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