hist1960_a - I. Intro: Wars of Independ 11/11/1811: black,...

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I. Intro: Wars of Independ 11/11/1811: black, mulatto patriots storm into Cartagena council hall-petion for indep Violent force -Restrepo, bolivar’s min of int: depoliticzed actns of pardos (booze, cash; not patria) -Bolivar: fully representative politics dsnt suit s. America; feard popular classes wld participate too much Pardos - free blacks, mulattoes II. Racial tensions in late colonial society - pardos as polit tool btwn spanish peninsulars vs creoles -Creoles believe span sppt of pardos indicates contempt for creoles Ex: mulatto novice nun in Cartagena; pardo lawyer Cristobal Polo - gracias al sacar : decrees of legitimization; Spansh act undermine creoles and inc social chaos? -pardos join militia b/c soc advncmt/recognition + way to rise above rigid race distnctns III. repub myth of racial harmony A. racial eq decreed among free men: creole tactics to attract nonwhites for Independ. Wars and avoid racial conflict/keep white domnation 1. legal changes necess for blck sppt? 2. US. Reconstruction: promise eq reversed; ex of racial ineq compatible w/republicansm
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hist1960_a - I. Intro: Wars of Independ 11/11/1811: black,...

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