ESSC108Notes1

# ESSC108Notes1 - ESSC 108 1/8/08 The Scientific Method -...

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ESSC 108 1/8/08 The Scientific Method - Science is the pursuit of knowledge of the nature world. - Skepticism is a sign of a good scientist. - Scientific method is an unperceived look at an experiment. Avoid subjectivity. - Einstein thought it is a clearer version of everyday thinking. - Hypothesis is a tentative explanation of a problem. - Can be correct or incorrect. - Theory: A lot of ideas supported by a great deal of evidence. - Scientific Law: Does not deviate no matter what you do. - A curve ball example, would be a helium balloon. - Tell us about the physical world we live in. - Statistics: Prove ABSOLUTELY NOTHING! They are probabilities. - Mis-use of this would be for the more churches the more crime there was. - Mis-use of percentages. - STEPS TO THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD: - Choose a problem - Research your problem - Develop a hypothesis - Design an experiment - Test you hypothesis - Organize your data - Draw conclusion - Sudo-Science - Fun science. - Example: Ghost Hunters - Controlled by supernatural forces - Can’t be tested MAPS -Characteristics of Maps - Legal document - Title -Direction -Date -Name of who made it -Source of Map -Scale -Legend -Contour Interval (C.I.) - 1 inch = 1 mile - Ratio in terms of distance on Earth - Bar Scale (Line on Scale) - You can use different units

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- Bar scale is the best for making copies because the scale will change with the map. - Topographic Map - 2d Model of the land. - X tells you the highest elevation - Lines connect points of equal elevation - Contour Interval- Division of low to high - Scrunched up lines= Steep - Spread Apart lines = Gradual - Rule of V’s - Contour points always point up stream. - Tick Marks - Going into a depression. - Intermittent river - Indicated by squiggle with dots in it. - Perennial River - Constant squiggle line. - Latitude and Longitude - Latitude: Horizontal North and South of equator (0 Degrees) - Longitude: Vertical lines East and West of the Prime Meridian (0 Degrees). 1/10/08 Matter: Is anything that takes up space and has mass. Atom: An atom is the smallest particle of an element that has that chemical prop- erties of the element. Atoms are made out of empty space. Make up the universe The Big Bang: Matter was at one time all at one.
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## ESSC108Notes1 - ESSC 108 1/8/08 The Scientific Method -...

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