Zoology - N42407 - Animal Behavior Ethology the study of...

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Animal Behavior Ethology – the study of animal behavior in a natural environment Not always to say, it is in a natural environment, because variables are hard to control. Animal encounters stimulus (internal or external) takes some action What is the mechanism behind behavior animals? Levels of Analysis Proximate  The mechanisms underlying the specific performances of behavior The complex coordinates of muscle, bone, hormones, nerves, etc. The “how” questions Ultimate The ultimate reason something is performed; another way to see causation What is the trait’s evolutionary “function?” The “why” questions: why does the proximate mechanism exist in the first place? To reiterate: proximate very short time frame (millisec to a few weeks for lingering  hormones psychological time scale Why do male birds sing? To get a mate; try to hold territory; or convey power
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Zoology - N42407 - Animal Behavior Ethology the study of...

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