Chapter 5 Glossary

Chapter 5 Glossary - Chapter 5: Glossary Terms Hexose-...

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Chapter 5: Glossary Terms Hexose- carbohydrate with 6 carbons Sugar- simple carbohydrate with the chemical formula composition (CH2O)n. Most sugars form ringed structures when in solution. o Monosaccharide- simple sugar not broken down further in digestion Glucose- 6 carbon carbohydrate, found in table sugar and blood. Also known as dextrose. Fructose- 6 carbons. Forms a five- or six- membered ring with oxygen in the ring. Found in fruits and honey. Galactose- 6 carbon ring with oxygen in the ring. An isomer of glucose. o Disaccharide- class of sugars formed by the chemical bonding of two monosaccharides Sucrose- fructose bonded to another sugar glucose; table sugar Maltose- glucose bonded to glucose Lactose- glucose bonded to another sugar, galactose o Polysaccharide- large carbohydrate containing from 10 to 1000 or more glucose units; also known as complex carbohydrates Starch- a complex carbohydrate made of multiple units of glucose attached together in a form the body can digest o Modified food starch- a product consisting of chemically linked starch molecules that is more stable than normal, unmodified starches. Fiber- substances in plant foods that are not broken down. Add bulk to feces. o Dietary fiber- fiber found in food o Functional fiber- fiber added to foods to provide health benefits o Cellulose- a straight-chain polysaccharide of glucose molecules that is undigestible because of the presence of beta bonds; part of insoluble fiber. o
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Chapter 5 Glossary - Chapter 5: Glossary Terms Hexose-...

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