Chapter08Glossary - control use spending a great deal of...

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Chapter 8 Glossary Terms Distillation - a physical method used to separate liquids based on their boiling points Alcohol dehydrogenase - the enzyme used in alcohol (ethanol) metabolism; the major enzyme used in the liver when alcohol is in low concentration Cirrhosis - a loss of functioning liver cells, which are replaced by nonfunctioning connective tissue. Any substance that poisons liver cells can lead to cirrhosis. The most common cause is chronic, excessive alcohol intake. Exposure to certain industrial chemicals can also lead to cirrhosis. Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) - a group of irreversible physical and mental abnormalities in the infant that result from the mother’s consuming alcohol during pregnancy. Alcohol dependence - repeated alcohol related difficulties, such a s a person’s inability to
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Unformatted text preview: control use, spending a great deal of time associated with alcohol use, continued use of alcohol despite physical or psychological consequences, persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control alcohol use, increased physical tolerance to alcohol’s effects, and withdrawal symptoms. Alcohol abuse- alcohol consumption that results in severe physical, psychological, or social problems Binge drinking- four or more drinks in a row for women; five or more drinks in a row for men Acute alcohol intoxication- a temporary deterioration in mental function, accompanied by lack of coordination and partial paralysis arising from drinking alcoholic beverages too quickly...
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